Wood Articles


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What are by-products of combustion?

Whenever something is burned, there are ‘leftovers” from the process.  It really doesn’t matter what is burned, wood, natural or LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene or coal.  These leftovers, or by-products include:  water vapor, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other particulate matter.  Indoor air quality will be affected.  It can be…
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Can I close my damper a little so I lose less heat up my chimney?

This is a question that comes up periodically.  And, the answer is always the same:  NO!  Never do this.  The damper to your fireplace must be completely open when there is a fire burning.  If you close the damper, even slightly, you are running the risk of allowing smoke and other dangerous contaminants from the…
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What can I burn in my wood burning stove?

It’s called a “wood” burning stove for a reason!  The only thing to burn in your stove is: wood!  Yes, use a few wads of newspaper to get kindling going from a cold start, but never burn the following in your wood stove: pressure treated lumber particleboard plywood or chipboard wood with nails or screws…
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What is a connector pipe?

This is the black pipe that “connects” a wood stove to the chimney system.  It’s often called stove pipe or black pipe.  Connector pipe can be the standard single wall black pipe that many are familiar with.  Or, it can be a double wall, close clearance pipe.  Your stove requires specific clearances to combustibles.  Oftentimes,…
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How is wood-burning equipment sized?

The literature on wood-burning fireplaces, stoves and inserts will provide lots of information.  Included with these details will be the size of the firebox.  The size of the firebox in wood-burning equipment is expressed in “cubic feet”.  The larger the number, the bigger the firebox.  And a larger firebox means longer burn times and more…
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How often should I clean the chimney for my fireplace, stove or insert?

That depends on the quality of the wood you’re burning.  Aiming for a moisture content of <25% will significantly reduce the amount of creosote that builds up in your chimney.  Ensuring that your stove, insert or fireplace is well maintained will help too.  The standard of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) states that all…
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Can I install a wood burning stove in my mobile home?

Yes, you can, provided certain conditions are met.  The first thing to do, is to make sure the stove has been tested and approved by HUD (Housing & Urban Development) to be installed into a mobile or manufactured home.  Other items include: 1) An outside air kit must be installed.  2) The stove most be…
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How do I protect the floor around my wood burning stove?

Adequate floor protection, or an approved hearth pad, is critical to a safe wood burning stove installation.  You must protect a combustible floor with a non-combustible material.  This floor protection must extend beyond the front, back, and both sides of the stove.  Hearths pads (floor protection) are designed for ember protection or thermal protection.  Ember…
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What is a moisture meter?

It’s a small device about twice the size of a deck of playing cards.  There are two probes or pins on one end of the meter that penetrate the wood to check the moisture content.  If you’re a wood burner, you know the importance of burning dry wood.  How dry is dry?  Wood with a…
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I’m having chimney drafting problems. Why is this?

You know you have chimney drafting problems if you see smoke coming back into your home rather than going up and out of your chimney. There’s no one answer to solve this problem and there could be numerous reasons behind the issue. The first golden rule is to have a properly-installed wood burning stove or…
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Can I convert my wood burning fireplace into a gas fireplace?

You can indeed! Use gas logs, inserts or fit a gas stove to change your wood burning fireplace into a gas fireplace. Bear in mind that you’ll need a gas or propane supply and adequate venting to do this. One of our professional fitters will need to carry out checks to help your work out…
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How are radiant heat and convection heat different?

For convection heat, air blows over a heating element and absorbs the heat, which is then blown by convection into your room. This lifts the ambient temperature and creates warmth. Radiant heat works by heating objects and people in a room and is therefore less effective at raising ambient temperatures. However, in smaller spaces radiant…
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What regulations must I be aware of when installing my wood burning appliance?

Firstly, refer to your owner’s manual, which every wood burning fireplace, insert, or stove should come with. In the manual, you’ll find detailed instructions and installation regulations as well as diagrams or pictures to show the clearance requirements. When buying an older model, it may not have been tested or listed. Therefore, refer to the…
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When choosing a wood burning stove is a catalytic or non-catalytic stove better?

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set clean air standards, which mean that wood burning stoves must now contain a re-burn system. These are special components that reduce particle pollution and they come in two different types - catalytic and non-catalytic. Catalytic wood stoves have a tiny combustor. When you shut off the damper, smoke…
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Are wood burning stoves clean and environmentally friendly?

Recently, the regulations against polluting wood burning stoves have tightened. The Environmental Protection Agency has set out regulations about how much pollution a wood burning appliance can emit. The reason behind this is that, as part of the combustion process, the smoke from a wood burning fire contains harmful gases and particles. Prior to the…
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What is the Best Kind of Wood to Burn

Your choice of wood will have an effect on how your wood burning appliance performs and how long a lifespan it will have. Also, the type of wood you choose will have an effect on the maintenance and service requirements for your fireplace, stove, or insert. Finally, the wood can influence the heat your appliance…
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